|NSA Scandal Articles June-August 2013
||New Spying Reports:
|Snowden’s time in Hong Kong
||Snowden’s time in Russia
“Edward Joseph Snowden (born June 21, 1983) is an American dissident who leaked details of several top-secret United States and British government mass surveillance programs to the press. Snowden is a former technical contractor for the United States National Security Agency (NSA) and a former employee of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Snowden leaked the information, primarily to Glenn Greenwald of London’s The Guardian, in spring 2013 while employed as an “infrastructure analyst” at NSA contractor Booz Allen Hamilton.The Guardian in turn published a series of exposés in June–July 2013 and revealed programs such as the interception of US and European telephone metadata and the PRISM, XKeyscore, and Tempora Internet surveillance programs. Snowden’s disclosures are said to rank among the most significant NSA security breaches in United States history.
On June 14, 2013, United States federal prosecutors charged Snowden with espionage and theft of government property. Snowden fled the United States prior to his first disclosures and as of August 1, 2013 was in Russia under temporary asylum.
Snowden’s leaks have been a subject of great controversy. Some have referred to Snowden as a hero and a whistleblower, while others have described him as a traitor. Snowden has defended his leaks as an effort “to inform the public as to that which is done in their name and that which is done against them.” Government officials have condemned his actions as having harmed U.S. interests and its position in the War on Terror. Meanwhile, the media disclosures have fueled debates in the United States and elsewhere over mass surveillance, government secrecy, and the balance between national security and information privacy in the Post-9/11 era.” – Wikipedia Entry as of 8/2/2013
PRISM: An internal NSA codename for a program involving collection of data from major Internet companies including Google, Microsoft, Facebook, and Apple. Done under the auspices of the FISA Amendments Act. – The Guardian “PRISM is a clandestine mass electronic surveillance data mining program operated by the United States National Security Agency(NSA) since 2007. PRISM is a government code name for a data-collection effort known officially by the SIGAD US-984XN. – Wikipedia Definition as of 8/19/2013
FISA: The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (“FISA” Pub.L. 95–511, 92 Stat. 1783, 50 U.S.C. ch. 36) is a United States law which prescribes procedures for the physical and electronic surveillance and collection of “foreign intelligence information” between “foreign powers” and “agents of foreign powers” (which may include American citizens and permanent residents suspected of espionage or terrorism). The law does not apply outside the United States. The law has been repeatedly amended since the September 11 attacks. – Wikipedia Definition as of 8/19/2013
XKeyScore: XKeyscore is a formerly secret computer system used by the United States National Security Agency for searching and analyzing Internet data about foreign nationals across the world. The program is run jointly with other agencies including Australia’s Defence Signals Directorate, and New Zealand’s Government Communications Security Bureau. Its existence was revealed in July 2013 by Edward Snowden, an American citizen and former Booz Allen Hamilton employee. – Wikipedia Definition as of 8/19/2013
NSA: “The NSA or National Security Agency is primarily tasked with global monitoring, collection, decoding, translation and analysis of information and data for foreign intelligence and counterintelligence purposes. The agency is authorized to accomplish its mission through clandestine means, among which is bugging electronic systems and allegedly engaging in sabotage through subversive software. The NSA is also responsible for the protection of U.S. government communications and information systems….The NSA began the PRISM electronic surveillance and data mining program in 2007. PRISM gathers communications data on foreign targets from nine major U.S. internet-based communication service providers: Microsoft, Yahoo, Google, Facebook, PalTalk, AOL, Skype, YouTube and Apple. Data gathered include email, video and voice chat, videos, photos, VoIP chats such as Skype, and file transfers. Another program, Boundless Informant, employs big data databases, cloud computing technology, and Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) to analyze data collected worldwide by the NSA, including that gathered by way of the PRISM program.” – Wikipedia Definition as of 8/19/2013
- PDF: August 9, 2013 2013_08_09_the_nsa_story1 (1)
Snowden and NSA Related Videos
1. Part #1 of NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden’s first aired video interview with Glenn Greenwald of The Guardian: The source behind the Guardian’s NSA files talks to Glenn Greenwald about his motives for the biggest intelligence leak in a generation. Interview occurred on June 9, 2013.
2. Part #2 of NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden’s interview with Glenn Greenwald of The Guardian. Interview occurred on June 9, 2013
3. Edward Snowden, Moscow Airport Press Conference, July 12, 2013
4. Journalist and Wikileaks editor-in-chief Julian Assange Interview About Edward Snowden, June 30, 2013
5. Daniel Ellsberg on Snowden, Manning, Government and Whistleblowers, June 29, 2013
6. Edward Snowden’s Father Lon Snowden Interview, “Edward is the brilliant one”, “He has done this at great peril to himself”. July 30, 2013
7. Glenn Greenwald on Sam Seder Radio Program: The Impact NSA Revelations Full Interview, July 31, 2013
8. President Barack Obama Press Conference about Snowden and Russia Diplomatic Relations, August 9, 2013
“In 2013 the organisation assisted Edward Snowden, the individual who leaked PRISM, in leaving Hong Kong. Sarah Harrison, a Wikileaks activist, accompanied Snowden on the flight.” – Wikipedia listing about Wikileaks as of 8/2/2013
Photos Leaked PRISM and XKeyscore Slides