Sierra Leone records 121 Ebola deaths in a single day; Total West Africa Ebola Deaths at 3431, as of Oct 3, 2014

2014 West Africa Ebola Outbreak

Sierra Leone recorded 121 deaths from Ebola and scores of new infections in one of the single deadliest days since the disease appeared in the West African country more than four months ago, government health statistics showed on Sunday.” – Reuters

 


 

Read the latest CDC Report on West Africa Ebola Outbreak.

As of October 3, 2014, there have been a total of 7470 cases of Ebola, and a total of 3431 deaths, ad 4087 laboratory confirmed cases.

Countries in West Africa with current Ebola cases: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone. Total of 7470 deaths.
Countries in Mid-Africa with current Ebola cases: Democratic Republic of the Congo, which has 70+ deaths so far.
Countries with localized transmission in Africa: Nigeria: 8 deaths total, but no new cases.
Countries with Travel-Related Ebola cases: United States of America, one case who came to the U.S. on a visitors Visa is currently in a Dallas, Texas hospital, and is in critical condition, and one in Omaha, Nebraska just arrived for treatment. Also Senegal located in Africa has had one case, and no deaths.

Travel Notices Oct  2014 CDC

Latest Ebola Case Counts:

*Case counts updated in conjunction with the World Health Organization updates and are based on information reported by the Ministries of Health.

As of September 30, 2014
(Updated October 3, 2014)

Countries with outbreaks
Totals for Guinea, Liberia & Sierra Leone
  • Total Case Count: 7470
  • Total Deaths: 3431
  • Laboratory Confirmed Cases: 4087
Guinea
  • Total Case Count: 1199
  • Total Deaths: 739
  • Laboratory Confirmed Cases: 977
Liberia
  • Total Case Count: 3834
  • Total Deaths: 2069
  • Laboratory Confirmed Cases: 931
Sierra Leone
  • Total Case Count: 2437
  • Total Case Deaths: 623
  • Laboratory Confirmed Cases: 2179
Countries with localized transmission
Nigeria
  • Total Case Count: 20
  • Total Case Deaths: 8
  • Laboratory Confirmed Cases: 19
Countries with travel-associated cases
Totals for Senegal and U.S.
  • Total Cases: 2
  • Total Deaths: 0
  • Laboratory Confirmed Cases: 2
Senegal
  • Total Case Count: 1
  • Total Case Deaths: 0
  • Laboratory Confirmed Cases: 1
United States*

*In a traveler from Liberia

  • Total Case Count: 1
  • Total Case Deaths: 0
  • Laboratory Confirmed Cases: 1

Source: CDC


 

Symptoms of Ebola include

  • Fever (greater than 38.6°C or 101.5°F)
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal (stomach) pain
  • Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)

Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.

Recovery from Ebola depends on good supportive clinical care and the patient’s immune response. People who recover from Ebola infection develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years.

Source: CDC


How Ebola is Spread/Transmission:

Because the natural reservoir host of Ebola viruses has not yet been identified, the manner in which the virus first appears in a human at the start of an outbreak is unknown. However, researchers believe that the first patient becomes infected through contact with an infected animal.

When an infection does occur in humans, the virus can be spread in several ways to others. Ebola is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth) with

  • blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola
  • objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus
  • infected animals
  • Ebola is NOT spread through the air or by water, or in general, by food. However, in Africa, Ebola may be spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats. There is no evidence that mosquitos or other insects can transmit Ebola virus. Only mammals (for example, humans, bats, monkeys, and apes) have shown the ability to become infected with and spread Ebola virus.

Healthcare providers caring for Ebola patients and the family and friends in close contact with Ebola patients are at the highest risk of getting sick because they may come in contact with infected blood or body fluids of sick patients.

During outbreaks of Ebola, the disease can spread quickly within healthcare settings (such as a clinic or hospital). Exposure to Ebola can occur in healthcare settings where hospital staff are not wearing appropriate protective equipment, including masks, gowns, and gloves and eye protection.

Dedicated medical equipment (preferable disposable, when possible) should be used by healthcare personnel providing patient care. Proper cleaning and disposal of instruments, such as needles and syringes, is also important. If instruments are not disposable, they must be sterilized before being used again. Without adequate sterilization of the instruments, virus transmission can continue and amplify an outbreak.

Once someone recovers from Ebola, they can no longer spread the virus. However, Ebola virus has been found in semen for up to 3 months. People who recover from Ebola are advised to abstain from sex or use condoms for 3 months.

Source: CDC

Travel Notices Oct 2014 part 2


Latest Ebola Outbreak Map:

west-africa-distribution-map

 

 


Useful Links:

  1. Information Resources on Ebola – WHO
  2. WHO Ebola News
  3. CDC Ebola Information Page
  4. CDC West Africa Latest Ebola Outbreak Updates
  5. CDC Congo Latest Ebola Outbreak Updates
  6. CDC Travel Notices

 

Read my previous post:

  1. July 10, 2014, 635+ Deaths From Ebola
  2. August 4, 2014, 932 Deaths From Ebola
  3. August 22, 2014, 1350 Deaths From Ebola
  4. August 31, 2014, 1850 Deaths From Ebola
  5. September 14, 2914,  2630 Deaths From Ebola
  6. September 29, 2014, 3091 Deaths From Ebola
  7. October 2, 2014, 3330 Deaths from Ebola
  8. October 3, 2014, 3431 Deaths from Ebola

 

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