Ebola Statistics: As of October 8, 2014, Ebola Deaths Total 3865, Case Count 8033, Confirmed Cases 4461

2014 West Africa Ebola Outbreak

As of October 5th, updated October 8th, 2014, there have been a total of 3865 Ebola deaths, 8033 cases, and 4461 confirmed cases. While some regions are showing progress in stopping the spread of Ebola, other regions are not yet. There is still a lot to be done to combat Ebola.

Countries with cases in West Africa: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Senegal, and Liberia.
Countries in Mid-Africa: Nigeria, and Democratic Republic of the Congo. Congo remains at 70 cases, 43 deaths. See reports.
Countries in Europe: Spain, 1 confirmed case, a nurse who treated two Ebola stricken priest, and six possible cases.
Countries in West: United States of America (U.S.), 1 confirmed case in Texas where the patient Duncan later died, and then one case flown in is being treated in Omaha, Nebraska.

Update: BBC News Reports that as of October 10, 2014:

The latest figures show there have been 4,024 confirmed or suspected deaths in the worst-affected West African nations of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

Eight deaths are linked to the haemorrhagic fever in Senegal and one in the US.

In total, there have been 8,399 confirmed or suspected cases, mostly in West Africa.”   – BBC News


 

Ebola Cases and Deaths Table: Source CDC

(Note: I updated the U.S. count to reflect the recent death in Dallas, Texas.)

Countries with Widespread Transmission

Country Total Cases Laboratory-Confirmed Cases Total Deaths
Guinea 1298 1044 768
Liberia 3924 941 2210
Sierra Leone 2789 2455 879
Total 8011 4440 3857

Countries with Travel-associated Cases

Country Total Cases Laboratory-Confirmed Cases Total Deaths
Senegal 1 1 0
United States 1 1 1
Total 2 2 1

Countries with Localized Transmission

Country Total Cases Laboratory-Confirmed Cases Total Deaths
Nigeria 20 19 8
Total 20 19 8

 Outbreak Update
  • CDC is implementing enhanced entry screening at five U.S. airports that receive over 94% of travelers from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
  • A confirmed case of Ebola has been reported in Spain.
  • On September 30, 2014, CDC confirmed the first travel-associated case of Ebola to be diagnosed in the United States. The patient passed away on October 8, 2014.
  • New cases continue to be reported from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
  • Nigeria and Senegal have not reported any new cases since September 5, 2014, and August 29, 2014, respectively. All contacts in both countries have now completed their 21-day follow up, with no further cases of Ebola reported.
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has reported cases of Ebola. These cases are not related to the ongoing outbreak of Ebola in West Africa. For information on the outbreak in DRC, see the 2014 Ebola Outbreak in DRC page.

Source: CDC

Ebola Suit with titles


Overview:

The 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa. There were a small number of cases reported in Nigeria and a single case reported in Senegal; however, these cases are considered to be contained, with no further spread in these countries.

On September 30, 2014, CDC confirmed, the first travel-associated case of Ebola to be diagnosed in the United States. CDC and partners are taking precautions to prevent the spread of Ebola within the United States. CDC is working with other U.S. government agencies, the World Health Organization (WHO), and other domestic and international partners and has activated its Emergency Operations Center to help coordinate technical assistance and control activities with partners. CDC has also deployed teams of public health experts to West Africa and will continue to send experts to the affected countries.

Source: CDC

west-africa-distribution-map


Symptoms of Ebola include:

  • Fever (greater than 38.6°C or 101.5°F)
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal (stomach) pain
  • Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)

Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.

Recovery from Ebola depends on good supportive clinical care and the patient’s immune response. People who recover from Ebola infection develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years.

Source: CDC

Ebola Outbreak Symptoms

Ebola Outbreak Symptoms


 

How Ebola is Transmitted:

Because the natural reservoir host of Ebola viruses has not yet been identified, the manner in which the virus first appears in a human at the start of an outbreak is unknown. However, researchers believe that the first patient becomes infected through contact with an infected animal.

When an infection does occur in humans, the virus can be spread in several ways to others. Ebola is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth) with

  • blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola
  • objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus
  • infected animals
  • Ebola is not spread through the air or by water, or in general, by food. However, in Africa, Ebola may be spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats. There is no evidence that mosquitos or other insects can transmit Ebola virus. Only mammals (for example, humans, bats, monkeys, and apes) have shown the ability to become infected with and spread Ebola virus.

Healthcare providers caring for Ebola patients and the family and friends in close contact with Ebola patients are at the highest risk of getting sick because they may come in contact with infected blood or body fluids of sick patients.

During outbreaks of Ebola, the disease can spread quickly within healthcare settings (such as a clinic or hospital). Exposure to Ebola can occur in healthcare settings where hospital staff are not wearing appropriate protective equipment, including masks, gowns, and gloves and eye protection.

Dedicated medical equipment (preferable disposable, when possible) should be used by healthcare personnel providing patient care. Proper cleaning and disposal of instruments, such as needles and syringes, is also important. If instruments are not disposable, they must be sterilized before being used again. Without adequate sterilization of the instruments, virus transmission can continue and amplify an outbreak.

Once someone recovers from Ebola, they can no longer spread the virus. However, Ebola virus has been found in semen for up to 3 months. People who recover from Ebola are advised to abstain from sex or use condoms for 3 months.

Source: CDC


 

How not to catch Ebola:

  • Avoid direct contact with sick patients
  • Wear goggles to protect eyes
  • Clothing and clinical waste should be incinerated and any medical equipment that needs to be kept should be decontaminated
  • People who recover from Ebola should abstain from sex or use condoms for three months

Source: BBC News

_78145930_ebola_cumulative_8_october WHO

Map Source: WHO and BBC News


Previous Maps:

Guinea_Sierra_Leone_Ebola_Map_April_14_2014_png

Guinea_Liberia_Sierra_Leone_Ebola_Map_August_7_2014

west-africa-distribution-map

west-africa-distribution-map sept 2014

west-africa-distribution-map (1)

 

2014_Ebola_virus_epidemic_in_West_Africa

USA-Ebola-outbreak-2014.svg

Map_of_Ebola_Outbreak_-_1_October_2014.svg


Useful Links:

  1. Information Resources on Ebola – WHO
  2. WHO Ebola News
  3. CDC Ebola Information Page
  4. CDC West Africa Latest Ebola Outbreak Updates
  5. CDC Congo Latest Ebola Outbreak Updates
  6. CDC Travel Notices

 

Read my previous post:

  1. July 10, 2014, 635+ Deaths From Ebola
  2. August 4, 2014, 932 Deaths From Ebola
  3. August 22, 2014, 1350 Deaths From Ebola
  4. August 31, 2014, 1850 Deaths From Ebola
  5. September 14, 2914,  2630 Deaths From Ebola
  6. September 29, 2014, 3091 Deaths From Ebola
  7. October 2, 2014, 3330 Deaths from Ebola
  8. October 3, 2014, 3431 Deaths from Ebola
  9. October 8, 2014, 3865 Deaths from Ebola

 

 

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