Ebola Statistics: As of October 24, 2014, 4992 Deaths, 10141 Cases, and 5692 Confirmed Cases

2014 West Africa Ebola Outbreak

 

Currently, globally there have been 4992 Ebola deaths, a new surprising number of 10141 possible cases, and 5692 confirmed cases. Guinea has a total of 926 deaths, and 1312 confirmed cases; Liberia has 2705 deaths, and 965 confirmed cases; Sierra Leone has 1281 deaths, and 3389 confirmed cases. Mali had 1 case a 2 year-old child, who later died. Germany has one patient in treatment. The outbreak in Senegal, and Nigeria has ended. Spain had 1 case, who has since recovered fully. U.S. had a total of 4 cases, and 1 death, two have recovered they were nurses, one new case a returning doctor who cared for patients in Guinea, is being cared for in NYC. In response the U.S. has increased screenings at airports, and is considering mandatory 21-day quarantine for returning medical workers.

D.R.Congo statistics: 67 cases, and 49 deaths, as of October 21, 2014. Also a travel alert in place.

Countries with Ebola patients: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Germany, U.S., Mali, and D.R.Congo.
Countries where outbreak has ended: Nigeria, and Senegal

Read about the latest Ebola Vaccine Research here.


 

Countries with Widespread Transmission

Country Total Cases Laboratory-Confirmed Cases Total Deaths
Guinea 1553 1312 926
Liberia 4665 965 2705
Sierra Leone 3896 3389 1281
Total 10114 5666 4912

Countries with Travel-associated Cases

Country Total Cases Laboratory-Confirmed Cases Total Deaths
Mali 1 1 1
Senegal 1* 1* 0
Total 2 2 1

Countries with Travel-associated Cases and Localized Transmission

Country Total Cases Laboratory-Confirmed Cases Total Deaths
Nigeria 20* 19* 8
Spain 1 1 0
United States 4 4 1
Total 25 24 9

*The outbreaks of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in Senegal and Nigeria were declared over on 17 October and 19 October 2014, respectively. A national EVD outbreak is considered to be over when 42 days (double the 21-day incubation period of the Ebola virus) has elapsed since the last patient in isolation became laboratory negative for EVD.

Source: CDC

west-africa-distribution-map (2)


Ebola Photos, Patients, Symptoms, Workers, Ebola Suits (20)

Overview

The 2014 Ebola epidemic is the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa. There were a small number of cases reported in Nigeria and a single case reported in Senegal; however, these cases are considered to be contained, with no further spread in these countries.

Two imported cases, including one death, and two locally acquired cases in healthcare workers have been reported in the United States. CDC and partners are taking precautions to prevent the further spread of Ebola within the United States. CDC is working with other U.S. government agencies, the World Health Organization (WHO), and other domestic and international partners and has activated its Emergency Operations Center to help coordinate technical assistance and control activities with partners. CDC has also deployed teams of public health experts to West Africa and will continue to send experts to the affected countries.

Source: CDC

 


 

Outbreak Update
  • On October 23, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene reported a case of Ebola in a medical aid worker who had returned to New York City from Guinea, where the medical aid worker had served with Doctors Without Borders. The diagnosis was confirmed by CDC on October 24.
  • On October 23, Mali reported its first confirmed case of Ebola in a child who had traveled there from Guinea. The child passed away on October 24.
  • WHO officially declared Senegal and Nigeria free of Ebola virus transmission on October 17 and 20, respectively.
  • On October 15, a second healthcare worker at Texas Presbyterian Hospital who provided care for the index patient tested positive for Ebola. The patient is receiving care at a hospital in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • On October 10, a healthcare worker at Texas Presbyterian Hospital who provided care for the index patient tested positive for Ebola. The patient has since recovered and was discharged from the NIH Clinical Center on October 24.
  • CDC is implementing enhanced entry screening at five U.S. airports that receive over 94% of travelers from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
  • On September 30, 2014, CDC confirmed the first travel-associated case of Ebola to be diagnosed in the United States. The patient passed away on October 8, 2014.
  • New cases continue to be reported from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
  • The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has reported cases of Ebola. These cases are not related to the ongoing outbreak of Ebola in West Africa. For information on the outbreak in DRC, see the 2014 Ebola Outbreak in DRC page.

Source: CDC

NIAID Ebola Vaccines Approaching Phase 1

NIAID Ebola Vaccines Approaching Phase 1

Ebola Therapeutics in Devlopment

Ebola Therapeutics in Development


Ebola Suit with titles

Note: Fever can actually be 99.1, because U.S. Texas nurse had low-grade fever, and at first no other symptoms. So don’t rely on only fever, consider also your exposure to possible Ebola, and go into a voluntary quarantine or isolation for 21 days, also send word or call your local hospital or clinic and let them know your condition, and they will also advise you on what your next steps should be. If you are showing Ebola symptoms, you need to be put in isolation at hospital as soon as possible. – Cynthia K.

Symptoms of Ebola include:

  • Fever (greater than 38.6°C or 101.5°F)
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal (stomach) pain
  • Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)

Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.

Recovery from Ebola depends on good supportive clinical care and the patient’s immune response. People who recover from Ebola infection develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years.

Source: CDC


 

How Ebola is Transmitted:

Because the natural reservoir host of Ebola viruses has not yet been identified, the manner in which the virus first appears in a human at the start of an outbreak is unknown. However, researchers believe that the first patient becomes infected through contact with an infected animal.

When an infection does occur in humans, the virus can be spread in several ways to others. Ebola is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth) with

  • blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola
  • objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus
  • infected animals
  • Ebola is not spread through the air or by water, or in general, by food. However, in Africa, Ebola may be spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats. There is no evidence that mosquitos or other insects can transmit Ebola virus. Only mammals (for example, humans, bats, monkeys, and apes) have shown the ability to become infected with and spread Ebola virus.

Healthcare providers caring for Ebola patients and the family and friends in close contact with Ebola patients are at the highest risk of getting sick because they may come in contact with infected blood or body fluids of sick patients.

During outbreaks of Ebola, the disease can spread quickly within healthcare settings (such as a clinic or hospital). Exposure to Ebola can occur in healthcare settings where hospital staff are not wearing appropriate protective equipment, including masks, gowns, and gloves and eye protection.

Dedicated medical equipment (preferable disposable, when possible) should be used by healthcare personnel providing patient care. Proper cleaning and disposal of instruments, such as needles and syringes, is also important. If instruments are not disposable, they must be sterilized before being used again. Without adequate sterilization of the instruments, virus transmission can continue and amplify an outbreak.

Once someone recovers from Ebola, they can no longer spread the virus. However, Ebola virus has been found in semen for up to 3 months. People who recover from Ebola are advised to abstain from sex or use condoms for 3 months.

Source: CDC


 

Treatment: 

No FDA-approved vaccine or medicine (e.g., antiviral drug) is available for Ebola.

Symptoms of Ebola are treated as they appear. The following basic interventions, when used early, can significantly improve the chances of survival:

  • Providing intravenous fluids (IV)and balancing electrolytes (body salts)
  • Maintaining oxygen status and blood pressure
  • Treating other infections if they occur

Experimental vaccines and treatments for Ebola are under development, but they have not yet been fully tested for safety or effectiveness.

Recovery from Ebola depends on good supportive care and the patient’s immune response. People who recover from Ebola infection develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years, possibly longer. It isn’t known if people who recover are immune for life or if they can become infected with a different species of Ebola. Some people who have recovered from Ebola have developed long-term complications, such as joint and vision problems.

Source: CDC


 

How not to catch Ebola:

  • Avoid direct contact with sick patients
  • Wear goggles to protect eyes
  • Clothing and clinical waste should be incinerated and any medical equipment that needs to be kept should be decontaminated
  • People who recover from Ebola should abstain from sex or use condoms for three months

Source: BBC News


 

Useful Links:

  1. Information Resources on Ebola – WHO
  2. WHO Ebola News
  3. CDC Ebola Information Page
  4. CDC West Africa Latest Ebola Outbreak Updates
  5. CDC Congo Latest Ebola Outbreak Updates
  6. CDC Travel Notices

Read my previous post:

  1. July 10, 2014, 635+ Deaths From Ebola
  2. August 4, 2014, 932 Deaths From Ebola
  3. August 22, 2014, 1350 Deaths From Ebola
  4. August 31, 2014, 1850 Deaths From Ebola
  5. September 14, 2914,  2630 Deaths From Ebola
  6. September 29, 2014, 3091 Deaths From Ebola
  7. October 2, 2014, 3330 Deaths from Ebola
  8. October 3, 2014, 3431 Deaths from Ebola
  9. October 8, 2014, 3865 Deaths from Ebola
  10. October 15, 2014, 4490 Deaths from Ebola
  11. October 24, 2014, 4492 Deaths from Ebola, and 10141 cases.

 

Ebola Patients Outside West Africa Map, Source: NY Times

Ebola Patients Outside West Africa Map 2014, Source: NY Times

Ebola Outbreak Graph

Ebola Outbreak Graph 2014, Source: NY Times

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