Politics

Whistleblower Edward Snowden (2)

NSA Scandal Articles June-August 2013

  1. Edward Snowden: Video Interview ‘The US will say I aided our enemies’, The Guardian, Recorded in Hong Kong on Thurs. June 6, 2013.
  2. NSA slides explain the PRISM data-collection program, Washington Post, June 6, 2013, “The top-secret PRISM program allows the U.S. intelligence community to gain access from nine Internet companies to a wide range of digital information, including e-mails and stored data, on foreign targets operating outside the United States. The program is court-approved but does not require individual warrants. Instead, it operates under a broader authorization from federal judges who oversee the use of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). Some documents describing the program were first released by The Washington Post on June 6. The newly released documents below give additional details about how the program operates, including the levels of review and supervisory control at the NSA and FBI. The documents also show how the program interacts with the Internet companies. These slides, annotated by The Post, represent a selection from the overall document, and certain portions are redacted.
  3. Edward Snowden tells Der Spiegal ‘NSA is in bed with the Germans’, The Guardian, Sun. July 7, 2013, “Interview carried out before NSA whistleblower fled to Hong Kong appears to contradict Merkel’s public surprise at snooping” – Article removed by Guardian after copyright ran out.
  4. NSA’s Prism surveillance program, how it works, and what it can do, The Guardian, Sat. June 8, 2013, “The slide details different methods of data collection under the FISA Amendment Act of 2008 (which was renewed in December 2012). It clearly distinguishes Prism, which involves data collection from servers, as distinct from four different programs involving data collection from “fiber cables and infrastructure as data flows past”.”Essentially, the slide suggests that the NSA also collects some information under FAA702 from cable intercepts, but that process is distinct from Prism. Analysts are encouraged to use both techniques of data gathering.”
  5. Daniel Ellsberg: NSA leaker made the right call when he fled the U.S., Washington Post, Fri. July 7, 2013
  6. Edward Snowden: ‘U.S. surveillance not something I am willing to live under’, The Guardian, Sat. July 8, 2013
  7. U.S. privacy group ACLU challenging NSA and FBI collection of phone records, The Guardian, Mon. July 8, 2013
  8. NSA PRISM whistleblower Edward Snowden video interview: ‘I don’t want to live in a society that does these sort of things’, The Guardian, Sun. June 9, 2013
  9. The NSA/GCHQ metadata reassurances are breathtakingly cynical, The Guardian, Sat. July 6, 2013
  10. Oliver Stone on the NSA: ‘The government’s gigantic surveillance machine is eating our freedom’, The Guardian, Wed. July 10, 2013
  11. Columbia ask US for explanation after reports that it was targeted by NSA spying, The Guardian, Wed. July 10, 2013
  12. Wikileaks scolds Guardian over NSA reporting, The Daily Caller, Thurs. July 11, 2013
    “Guardian has done good work on the NSA story but censoring 9/10 PRISM slides and NSA codewords STORMBREW and OAKSTAR is worrying. #snowden ,” said  WikiLeaks. “Guardian also censored the names of the 100 corrupted UK companies thieving humanity’s data on behalf of the NSA/GCHQ,” said  WikiLeaks.
  13. The internet advocates crusading for our privacy and security, The Guardian, Thurs. July 16, 2013
  14. Q&A with PRISM whistleblower Edward Snowden, The Guardian, Mon. June 17, 2013
  15. Secret court lets NSA extend it’s trawl of Verizon customer phone records, The Guardian, Fri. July 19, 2013
  16. U.S. charges Snowden with espionage,  Washington Post, Fri. June 21, 2013
  17. Edward Snowden is not ‘traitor’, The Guardian, Mon. July 22, 2013
  18. Wikileaks aids Edward Snowden on the run, Washington Post, June 23, 2013
  19. The Amash amendment: a vital shield from unwarranted NSA surveillance, The Guardian, Wed. July 24, 2013
  20. Company allegedly misled government about security checks, Washington Post, June 27, 2013
  21. Justice Department and NSA memos proposing broader powers for NSA to data collect, The Guardian, Thurs. June 27, 2013
  22. NSA inspector general report on email and Internet data collection under Stellar Wind – full document, The Guardian, Thurs. June 27, 2013
  23. Washington Post releases four new slides from NSA’s Prism presentation, The Guardian, Sun. June 30, 2013
  24. NSA spy leaks: US denounces Snowden’s Russian asylum, BBC News, Thurs. August 1, 2013
  25. New Tool PRISM to quantify, track intelliegence collection revealed, The Guardian, Sat. June 8, 2013
  26. NSA PRISM Internet and Phone Surveillance Slides, 5/40, Guardian Express, Wed. June 12, 2013
  27. 3 NSA veterans speak out on whistle-blower: We told you so, USA Today, Sun. June 16, 2013
  28. Code name ‘Verax’: Snowden in exchanges with post reporter, made clear he knew the risk, The Guardian, No date listed
  29. Will PRISM damage tech companies reputations on privacy, Washington Post, Fri. June 7, 2013
  30. NSA spying extends to Internet Companies, reports say, SFBG, Thurs. June 6, 2013
  31. PRISM spying denials by tech companies baffles experts, Huffington Post, Sun. June 9, 2013
  32. U.S., company officials: Internet surveillance does not indiscriminately mine data, Washington Post, Sat. June 8, 2013
  33. National intelligence director slams ‘hyperbole’ in coverage in NSA data-mining, Raw Story, Mon. June 8, 2013
  34. NSA chief Keith Alexander claims ‘focused ‘ surveillance disrupted more that 50 terror plots, The Guardian, Tues. June 18, 2013
  35. Why the NSA’s secret online surveillance should scare you, Think Progress, Fri. June 7, 2013
  36. EU wants privacy guarantee from U.S. amid PRISM crisis, Raw Story, Sun. June 11, 2013
  37. Russia gives Snowden asylum, Obama-Putin summit in doubt, Reuters, Thurs. August 1, 2013
  38. U.S. directs agents to coverup program used to investigate Americans, Mon. August 5, 2013
  39. How DEA program differs from the NSA program, Reuters, Mon. August 5, 2013
  40. Obama cancels meeting with Putin over Snowden and Human Rights issues, Reuters, Wed. August 7, 2013
  41. NSA surveillance: The long fight to close backdoor to US Communications, The Guardian, Fri. August 9, 2013
  42. Loophole shows that NSA can spy on Americans, directly in contrast of public statements, Tech Dirt, Fri. August 9, 2013
  43. Email service Lavabit used by Snowden shuts itself down, and warns about using US based companies, The Guardian, Fri. August 9, 2013
    “Edward Snowden says, ‘Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Yahoo, Apple, and the rest of our internet titans must ask themselves why they aren’t fighting for our interests the same way’
  44. President Obama touts NSA surveillance reforms to quell growing unease, The Guardian, Fri. August 9, 2013
    President to work with Congress to reform NSA’s Fisa court and Patriot Act but made clear that mass surveillance would continue.
  45. Transcript: President Obama Press Conference, Washington Post, Fri. August 9, 2013
  46. Obama releases documents to support NSA surveillance, Newser, Fri. August 9, 2013
  47. Obama reveals new spy reforms: better oversight of secret courts, adds independent review committee, TNW, Fri. August 9, 2013
  48. Obama press conference live (at the time) updates, ABC, Fri. August 9, 2013
  49. NSA loophole allows warrantless search of US citizens’ email and phone calls, The Guardian, Fri. August 9, 2013
  50. Documents released by President Obama adminstration shed light on NSA surveillance, CNN, Fri. August 9, 2013
  51. How Laura Poitras Helped Snowden Spill His Secrets, by Peter Maass, NY Times, Tues. August 13, 2013, “”Before long, Poitras received an encrypted message that outlined a number of secret surveillance programs run by the government. She had heard of one of them but not the others. After describing each program, the stranger wrote some version of the phrase, “This I can prove.”…Seconds after she decrypted and read the e-mail, Poitras disconnected from the Internet and removed the message from her computer. “I thought, O.K., if this is true, my life just changed,” she told me last month. “It was staggering, what he claimed to know and be able to provide. I just knew that I had to change everything.”…Poitras remained wary of whoever it was she was communicating with. She worried especially that a government agent might be trying to trick her into disclosing information about the people she interviewed for her documentary, including Julian Assange, the editor of WikiLeaks. “I called him out,” Poitras recalled. “I said either you have this information and you are taking huge risks or you are trying to entrap me and the people I know, or you’re crazy.” “”
  52. Cameron Proves Greenwald Right, by Andrew Sullivan, The Dish, Sun. August 18, 2013, “Andrew Sullivan, the American blogger, has written a powerful post about the David Miranda case. When Glenn Greenwald started publishing his NSA revelations in the Guardian, Sullivan was skeptical about claims made by Greenwald and other civil libertarians that the state was abusing his powers. Now he says he has changed his stance.Here’s an extract.

    “David was detained for nine hours – the maximum time under the law, to the minute. He therefore falls into the 3 percent of interviewees particularly, one assumes, likely to be linked to terrorist organizations. My obvious question is: what could possibly lead the British security services to suspect David of such ties to terror groups?

    I have seen nothing anywhere that could even connect his spouse to such nefarious contacts. Unless Glenn is some kind of super-al-Qaeda mole, he has none to my knowledge and to suspect him of any is so close to unreasonable it qualifies as absurd. The idea that David may fomenting terrorism is even more ludicrous …

    In this respect, I can say this to David Cameron. Thank you for clearing the air on these matters of surveillance. You have now demonstrated beyond any reasonable doubt that these anti-terror provisions are capable of rank abuse. Unless some other facts emerge, there is really no difference in kind between you and Vladimir Putin. You have used police powers granted for anti-terrorism and deployed them to target and intimidate journalists deemed enemies of the state.

    You have proven that these laws can be hideously abused. Which means they must be repealed. You have broken the trust that enables any such legislation to survive in a democracy. By so doing, you have attacked British democracy itself. What on earth do you have to say for yourself? And were you, in any way, encouraged by the US administration to do such a thing?”

  53. Glenn Greenwald: detaining my partner was a failed attempt at intimidation, The Guardian, Sun. August 18, 2013, “David had spent the last week in Berlin, where he stayed with Laura Poitras, the US filmmaker who has worked with me extensively on the NSA stories. A Brazilian citizen, he was returning to our home in Rio de Janeiro this morning on British Airways, flying first to London and then on to Rio. When he arrived in London this morning, he was detained.”
  54. David Miranda detention: a betrayal of trust and principals, The Guardian, Mon. August 19, 2013, “Mr Miranda’s detention was part security service fishing trip, part police harassment exercise and part government warning signal to journalists and whistleblowers. It was an attempt to intimidate journalism in one of the zoned-off jurisdictional spaces where such a thing can happen without legal redress. It was done simply because it could be done – and doubtless because the Americans wanted it done – and for no other reasons.”
  55. Reaction to the dentention of David Miranda at Heathrow Airport as it happened, The Guardian, Mon. August 19, 2013
  56. David Miranda’s arrest proves how sinister the state (UK) has become, The Spectator, Mon. August 19, 2013, “But the state said its new powers to intercept communications would be used against terrorists. They ended up using them against fly tippers. Now the police are using the Terrorism Act against the partner of a journalist who is publishing stories the British and American governments would rather keep quiet.”…”The Miranda affair is proof, if further proof is needed, that we are now stuck in the post-Leveson world where not only journalists but their partners can be detained and questioned for hours on end. Where police officers feel no need to explain themselves to the public, in whose name they work, and whose taxes pay their salaries. The next time they try to tell you that the secrecy and attempts to silence legitimate debate are ‘in the public interest’, do not forget what they did to David Miranda, because they can do it to you too.”
  57. David Miranda, schedule 7 and the dangers that all reporters now face, The Guardian, Mon. August 19, 2013, “Miranda was held for nine hours under schedule 7 of the UK’s terror laws, which give enormous discretion to stop, search and question people who have no connection with “terror”, as ordinarily understood. Suspects have no right to legal representation and may have their property confiscated for up to seven days. Under this measure – uniquely crafted for ports and airport transit areas – there are none of the checks and balances that apply once someone is in Britain proper. There is no need to arrest or charge anyone and there is no protection for journalists or their material. A transit lounge in Heathrow is a dangerous place to be” “The state that is building such a formidable apparatus of surveillance will do its best to prevent journalists from reporting on it. Most journalists can see that. But I wonder how many have truly understood the absolute threat to journalism implicit in the idea of total surveillance, when or if it comes – and, increasingly, it looks like “when”.
New Spying Reports:

  1. XKeyscore: NSA tool collects ‘nearly everything a user does on the Internet’, The Guardian, Wed. July 31, 2013
  2. XKeyscore presentation from 2008 – read in full, The Guardian, Wed. July 31, 2013
  3. How Microsoft handed the NSA access to encrypted messages, The Guardian, Thurs. July 11, 2013
  4. NSA collecting phone records of millions of Verizon customers daily, The Guardian, Wed. June 5, 2013
  5. GCHQ: inside the top secret world of Britains biggest spying agency, The Guardian, Thurs. August 1, 2013
  6. GCHQ accused of selling its services after relavations of funding by NSA, The Guardian, Fri. August 2, 2013
  7. Germany ends spy pact US and UK after Snowden, BBC News, August 2, 2013
Snowden’s time in Hong Kong

  1. Snowden: U.S. gov’t destroyed my chance for fair trial, CBS News, Mon. June 17, 2013
  2. Snowden extradition may be complicated process if criminal charges are filed, Washington Post, June 19, 2013
  3. Legal political maneuvering let Snowden flee, Washington Post, Sun. June 23, 2013
  4. Edward Snowden: Hong Kong escape may prevent more poisonous row, The Guardian, Sun. June 23, 2013
  5. Why did US fugitive leave Hong Kong?, BBC News, June 24, 2013
  6. Edward Snowden’s departure from Hong Kong filled with intrigue, questions, Washington Post, June 24, 2013
  7. Details of Snowden’s Hong Kong stay emerge, Washington Post, June 24, 2013 “Snowden was “very smart” and analytical, said his lawyer, although he didn’t seem to have anticipated just how complicated his situation in Hong Kong would become. “I don’t think he ever had a well-thought-out plan,” said Ho, although he added that Snowden seemed to have researched places where he could take refuge. “The city government announced Snowden’s departure when his Aeroflot flight to Moscow had exited Chinese airspace. WikiLeaks said Russian officials were told of Snowden’s travel plans prior to his departure from Hong Kong. The city government announced Snowden’s departure when his Aeroflot flight to Moscow had exited Chinese airspace. WikiLeaks said Russian officials were told of Snowden’s travel plans prior to his departure from Hong Kong.” – WP
Snowden’s time in Russia

  1. NSA Spy Leaks: Edward Snowden leaves Moscow airport, BBC News, Thurs. August 1, 2013
  2. Edward Snowden has been welcomed by Russia, but had it little choice, The Guardian, Fri. August 2, 2013
  3. Russians signals openness to Venezuela’s offer to shelter Snowden, Washington Post, Sat. July 6, 2013
  4. Edward Snowden: US officials preventing me from claiming asylum, The Guardian, Fri. July 12, 2013
  5. Edward Snowden appears at Moscow airport and renews asylum claim The Guardian Fri. July 12, 2013
  6. Edward Snowdens renews Russia asylum bid in an attempt to leave airport, The Guardian, Fri. July 12, 2013
  7. Edward Snowden plans to stay in Russia, says lawyer, The Guardian, Wed, July 24, 2013
  8. Snowden’s Venezuela offer ‘last chance’ for political asylum – Russian official, The Guardian, Sun. July 7, 2013
  9. Edward Snowden flees to Moscow, ask Ecuador to grant him asylum, Washington Post, Sat. June 22, 2013
  10. Edward Snowden Given 1yr. Asslym by Russia, leaves airport, Reuters, August 1, 2013

“Edward Joseph Snowden (born June 21, 1983) is an American dissident who leaked details of several top-secret United States and British government mass surveillance programs to the press. Snowden is a former technical contractor for the United States National Security Agency (NSA) and a former employee of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

Snowden leaked the information, primarily to Glenn Greenwald of London’s The Guardian, in spring 2013 while employed as an “infrastructure analyst” at NSA contractor Booz Allen Hamilton.The Guardian in turn published a series of exposés in June–July 2013 and revealed programs such as the interception of US and European telephone metadata and the PRISMXKeyscore, and Tempora Internet surveillance programs. Snowden’s disclosures are said to rank among the most significant NSA security breaches in United States history.

On June 14, 2013, United States federal prosecutors charged Snowden with espionage and theft of government property.  Snowden fled the United States prior to his first disclosures and as of August 1, 2013 was in Russia under temporary asylum.

Snowden’s leaks have been a subject of great controversy. Some have referred to Snowden as a hero and a whistleblower, while others have described him as a traitor. Snowden has defended his leaks as an effort “to inform the public as to that which is done in their name and that which is done against them.” Government officials have condemned his actions as having harmed U.S. interests and its position in the War on Terror. Meanwhile, the media disclosures have fueled debates in the United States and elsewhere over mass surveillancegovernment secrecy, and the balance between national security and information privacy in the Post-9/11 era.”Wikipedia Entry as of 8/2/2013 


Definitions:

PRISM: An internal NSA codename for a program involving collection of data from major Internet companies including Google, Microsoft, Facebook, and Apple. Done under the auspices of the FISA Amendments Act. – The Guardian “PRISM is a clandestine mass electronic surveillance data mining program operated by the United States National Security Agency(NSA) since 2007.  PRISM is a government code name for a data-collection effort known officially by the SIGAD US-984XN. – Wikipedia Definition as of 8/19/2013

FISA: The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (“FISA” Pub.L. 95–511, 92 Stat. 1783, 50 U.S.C. ch. 36) is a United States law which prescribes procedures for the physical and electronic surveillance and collection of “foreign intelligence information” between “foreign powers” and “agents of foreign powers” (which may include American citizens and permanent residents suspected of espionage or terrorism). The law does not apply outside the United States. The law has been repeatedly amended since the September 11 attacks. – Wikipedia Definition as of 8/19/2013

XKeyScore: XKeyscore is a formerly secret computer system used by the United States National Security Agency for searching and analyzing Internet data about foreign nationals across the world. The program is run jointly with other agencies including Australia’s Defence Signals Directorate, and New Zealand’s Government Communications Security Bureau. Its existence was revealed in July 2013 by Edward Snowden, an American citizen and former Booz Allen Hamilton employee. – Wikipedia Definition as of 8/19/2013

NSA: “The NSA or National Security Agency is primarily tasked with global monitoring, collection, decoding, translation and analysis of information and data for foreign intelligence and counterintelligence purposes. The agency is authorized to accomplish its mission through clandestine means, among which is bugging electronic systems and allegedly engaging in sabotage through subversive software. The NSA is also responsible for the protection of U.S. government communications and information systems….The NSA began the PRISM electronic surveillance and data mining program in 2007.  PRISM gathers communications data on foreign targets from nine major U.S. internet-based communication service providers: Microsoft, Yahoo, Google, Facebook, PalTalk, AOL, Skype, YouTube and Apple. Data gathered include email, video and voice chat, videos, photos, VoIP chats such as Skype, and file transfers. Another program, Boundless Informant, employs big data databases, cloud computing technology, and Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) to analyze data collected worldwide by the NSA, including that gathered by way of the PRISM program.” – Wikipedia Definition as of 8/19/2013


Documents

  1. PDF: August 9, 2013 2013_08_09_the_nsa_story1 (1)

Snowden and NSA Related Videos

1. Part #1 of NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden’s first aired video interview with Glenn Greenwald of The Guardian:  The source behind the Guardian’s NSA files talks to Glenn Greenwald about his motives for the biggest intelligence leak in a generation. Interview occurred on  June 9, 2013.

2. Part #2 of NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden’s interview with Glenn Greenwald of The Guardian. Interview occurred on June 9, 2013

3. Edward Snowden, Moscow Airport Press Conference, July 12, 2013

4. Journalist and Wikileaks editor-in-chief Julian Assange Interview About Edward Snowden, June 30, 2013

5. Daniel Ellsberg on Snowden, Manning, Government and Whistleblowers,  June 29, 2013

6. Edward Snowden’s Father Lon Snowden Interview, “Edward is the brilliant one”, “He has done this at great peril to himself”.  July 30, 2013

7.  Glenn Greenwald on Sam Seder Radio Program: The Impact NSA Revelations Full Interview, July 31, 2013

8. President Barack Obama Press Conference about Snowden and Russia Diplomatic Relations, August 9, 2013


About Wikileaks:
“In 2013 the organisation assisted Edward Snowden, the individual who leaked PRISM, in leaving Hong Kong. Sarah Harrison, a Wikileaks activist, accompanied Snowden on the flight.”  – Wikipedia listing about Wikileaks as of 8/2/2013


Photos Leaked PRISM and XKeyscore Slides

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